3Beta-hydroxy-6-aza-cholestane and related analogues as phosphatidylinositol specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) inhibitors with antitumor activity.
Author: W Xie
Journal:Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
6-Aza steroid analogues were synthesized as PI-PLC inhibitors. The most active compound, 3beta-hydroxy-6-aza-cholestane (1) showed potent PI-PLC inhibition (IC50 = 1.8 microM), similar to that of the commercially available steroid analogue U73122 (IC50 = 1-2.1 microM). Compound 1 exhibited significant growth inhibition effects (IC50 = 1.3 microM in each case) against MCF-7 and HT-29 cancer cells in in vitro cell culture. Compound 1 also inhibited the in vitro adhesion and transmigration of HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells at 2.5 and 5.0 microM, respectively. In vivo, compound 1, at 1 mg/kg/day, reduced the volume of MCF-7 tumors in xenograft models, without weight loss in mice. Structure activity relationships of this series of compounds revealed that a hydrophobic cholesteryl side chain, 3beta-hydroxy group and a C-6 nitrogen containing a hydrogen atom at position-6 are crucial for activity. N-Maleic amidoacid derivative 11 also exhibited weak inhibition (IC50 = 16.2 microM).